The New York Declaration on Forests

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Name of initiative The New York Declaration on Forests
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2014
End year
Secretariat Contact:
Organisational structure The Secretariat for the NYDF Global Platform is provided by the United Nations Development Programme, Meridian Institute and Climate Advisers.
Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation UNDP
Type of lead organisation United Nations or Specialised agency
Location/Nationality of lead organisation


Description Launched at the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Summit in September 2014, the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF) outlines ten ambitious global targets to protect and restore forests and end natural forest loss by 2030. The NYDF combines goals expressed in the context of a number of individual pledges and agreements, including the Paris Agreement, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Bonn Challenge, the 2020 Strategic Plan on Biodiversity, climate and forest financing pledges, and supply chain commitments. If realized, these goals have the potential to reduce annual carbon emissions by 4.5 to 8.8 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent per year, roughly equivalent to the annual emissions of the United States. The emissions reduction from deforestation together with enhanced carbon removals from forest restoration could provide 24-30% of the climate solution. The same as the Lima Challenge initiative.
Objectives 1. At least halve the rate of loss of natural forests globally by 2020 and strive to end natural forest loss by 2030.

2. Support and help meet the private-sector goal of eliminating deforestation from the production of agricultural commodities such as palm oil, soy, paper and beef products by no later than 2020, recognizing that many companies have even more ambitious targets. 3. Significantly reduce deforestation derived from other economic sectors by 2020. 4. Support alternatives to deforestation driven by basic needs (such as subsistence farming and reliance on fuel wood for energy) in ways that alleviate poverty and promote sustainable and equitable development. 5. Restore 150 million hectares of degraded landscapes and forestlands by 2020 and significantly increase the rate of global restoration thereafter, which would restore at least an additional 200 million hectares by 2030. 6. Include ambitious, quantitative forest conservation and restoration targets for 2030 in the post-2015 global development framework, as part of new international sustainable development goals. 7. Agree in 2015 to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation as part of a post-2020 global climate agreement, in accordance with internationally agreed rules and consistent with the goal of not exceeding 2°C warming. 8. Provide support for the development and implementation of strategies to reduce forest emissions. 9. Reward countries and jurisdictions that, by taking action, reduce forest emissions— particularly through public policies to scale-up payments for verified emission reductions and private-sector sourcing of commodities. 10. Strengthen forest governance, transparency and the rule of law, while also empowering communities and recognizing the rights of indigenous peoples, especially those pertaining to their lands and resources.

Activities The Global Platform for the New York Declaration on Forests was launched in 2017 at COP23 in Bonn, Germany.
One or two success stories achieved

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-15.png  
Function of initiative Political dialogue, Capacity building, Technical dialogue, Implementation
Activity of initiative Training and education, Knowledge production and innovation, Norms and standard setting, Goal setting (ex-ante)
Goal setting (ex-ante) — Total Mitigation
Value (MtCO2e/yr)2500
Goals At least halve the rate of loss of natural forests globally by 2020 and strive to end natural forest loss by 2030.
Comments on indicators and goals From the report: "Individual actors, collective initiatives and their impact on global greenhouse gas emissions", New Climate, PBL, and Yale 2018. This is building on the Bonn Challenge, restore an additional 200 million hectares of forest by 2030.
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals An independent progress assessment on the NYDF goals is done every year by the NYDF Progress Assessment Partners. Read the reports here:
How are you tracking progress of your initiative The NYDF Platform collaborates closely with and is informed by the NYDF Progress Assessment (, an independent multi-stakeholder monitoring and assessment effort coordinated by Climate Focus, while respecting the independence of that body of work.
Available reporting Annual reports available at


Participants Number Names
Members 153  
Companies 61 Ahold Delhaize (Netherlands),Apical (Singapore),Asia Pulp and Paper (Singapore),Asian Agri (Indonesia),Biomar (Denmark),Cargill (USA),Cermaq (Norway),Clarmondial (Switzerland),COOP (Switzerland),DANONE (Denmark),Denofa (Norway),Essity Aktiebolag (Sweden),Felleskjøpet Agri (Norway),Felleskjøpet Rogaland Agder (Norway),Ferrero (Italy),Fiskaa Molle AS (Norway),General Mills (USA),Golden Agri-Resources (India),Grupo Bimbo (Mexico),Grupo Exito - Almacenes Éxito (Colombia),Johnson & Johnson (USA),Kao Corp. (Japan),Kellogg's (Denmark),Lavazza Group (Italy),Levin Sources (United K.),L’Oreal (France),Lyrico (United K.),M&S (United K.),McDonalds (USA),Mondelez International (USA),Musim Mas (Indonesia),Nestle (Switzerland),Nordic Choice Hotels (Norway),NorgesGruppen (Norway),Norgesfôr AS (Norway),Orkla (Norway),Permian Global (United K.),Pick n Pay (Zambia),Procter & Gamble (USA),PT. Rimba Makmur Utama (Indonesia),Reitangruppen (Norway),SC Johnson (USA),Sime Darby Plantation Berhad (Malaysia),Simosol Oy (Finland),Skretting Group (Norway),Sobeys (Canada),Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (Sweden),Tesco (USA),Tine (Norway),Unilever (USA),Walmart (USA),Wilmar International (Singapore),Yum! Brands (USA),Yves Rocher Group (France),Barclays (United K.),Boston Common Asset Management (USA),Calvert Investment Management (USA),Deutsche Bank (Germany),Lloyd’s Banking Group (United K.),Miller/Howard Investments (USA),Trillium Asset Management (USA),Westpac (Australia).
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 24 Chatham House (United Kingdom),  CIFOR (Indonesia),  Clean Cooking Alliance (USA),  Climate Focus (Netherlands),  Conservation International (USA),  EDF (USA),  Forest Trends (USA),  Forest Foundation Philippines (Philippines),  Forest Trends (USA),  Global Canopy (United K.),  IGES (Japan),  Imaflora (Portugal),  IUCN (Switzerland),  National Wildlife Federation (USA),  Overseas Development Institute (United K.),  Rainforest Alliance (USA),  Rights + Resources (USA),  SEI (Sweden),  The International Center For Tropical Agriculture-CIAT (Colombia),  The Nature Conservancy (USA),  The Sustainability Consortium (USA),  Woods Hole Research Centre (USA),  WRI (USA),  WWF (USA),  ZLS (United K.).
National states 39 Belgium,  Burkina Faso,  Canada,  Chile,  Colombia,  Costa Rica,  Ivory Coast,  Dem. Republic Congo,  Ecuadon,  El salvador,  Estonia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Germany,  Guyana,  Indonesia,  Japan,  Kenya,  Liberia,  Lithuania,  Mexico,  Mongolia,  Nepal,  Netherlands,  Norway,  Panama,  Peru,  Philippines,  South Korea,  Slovenia,  Sweden,  Togo,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  USA,  Vietnam
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 20 Aceh (Indonesia),  Acre (Brazil),  Amapa (Brazil),  Amazonas (Peru),  California (USA),  Campeche (Mexico),  Catalonia (Spain),  Central Kalimantan (Indonesia),  Chiapas (Mexico),  Cross River State (Nigeria),  Huánuco (Peru),  Loreto (Peru),  Madre de Dios (Peru),  Quintana Roo (Mexico),  San Martin (Peru),  Tabasco (Mexico),  Ucayali (Peru),  West Kalimantan (Indonesia),  Yucatan (Mexico).
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 9
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No No No Yes
Last update: 9 May 2022 10:47:37

Not only have national states as participators