The Blue Carbon Initiative


Name of initiative The Blue Carbon Initiative
LPAA initiative No
NAZCA Initiative No
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2015
End year
Secretariat Hosted by Conservation International (Dr. Emily Pidgeon), IUCN (Ms. Dorothee Herr), and IOC-UNESCO (Dr. Kirsten Isensee)
Organisational structure The Initiative is coordinated by Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (IOC-UNESCO). The Initiative works through two working groups: the International Blue Carbon Scientific Working Group and the International Blue Carbon Policy Working Group
Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation Conservation International, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (IOC-UNESCO)
Type of lead organisation NGO/Civil Society, United Nations or Specialised agency
Location/Nationality of lead organisation United States of America


Description The Blue Carbon Initiative is a global program working to mitigate climate change through the restoration and sustainable use of coastal and marine ecosystems. The Initiative currently focuses on mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. The Blue Carbon Initiative brings together governments, research institutions, non-governmental organizations and communities from around the world.

The Blue Carbon Initiative focuses on mangroves, salt marshes and seagrasses, which are found on every continent except Antarctica. These coastal ecosystems cover between 13.8 and 15.2 million hectares (Mha), 2.2 and 40 Mha, and 17.7 and 60 Mha, respectively. Combined, these ecosystems cover approximately 49 Mha.

Objectives The Blue Carbon Initiative works to:

Develop management approaches, financial incentives and policy mechanisms for ensuring the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of coastal blue carbon ecosystems; Engage local, national, and international governments in order to promote policies that support coastal blue carbon conservation, management and financing; Develop comprehensive methods for assessing blue carbon stocks and emissions; Implement projects around the world that demonstrate the feasibility of blue carbon accounting, management and incentive agreements; and Support scientific research into the role of coastal blue carbon ecosystems for climate change mitigation.

Activities To achieve these goals, the Blue Carbon Initiative has formed Science and Policy working groups. The International Blue Carbon Scientific Working Group identifies priority research areas, synthesizes current and emerging blue carbon research and provides the robust scientific basis for coastal carbon conservation, management and assessment. The International Blue Carbon Policy Working Group supports efforts to integrate blue carbon in existing international policy frameworks such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) among others. Members of both working groups routinely collaborate to ensure that qualified science forms the basis of sound policy.

Each Working Group convenes several times a year. At each Working Group meeting, the Initiative brings together international blue carbon science and policy experts to exchange knowledge and build local capacity.

The Blue Carbon Initiative partners, as well as many other organizations around the world, are working on conservation science, policy and management of blue carbon ecosystems globally. Projects are being developed at sites globally to protect and restore coastal ecosystems for their "blue" carbon value. Major objectives include national-level accounting of carbon stocks and emissions from blue carbon ecosystems, increased management effectiveness of blue carbon ecosystems within protected areas, and the development of blue carbon offsets for tourism activities.

Current activities: Kaimana Coastal Conservation and Community Development – Indonesia Tomago Wetland Restoration – Australia Mangrove Sedimentation and Surface Accretion – Indonesia Blue Carbon A-Z: from small projects to policy development – Latin America Tampa Bay Blue Carbon Assessment – USA Gulf of Nicoya Blue Carbon Stock Assessment – Costa Rica Herring River Estuary Restoration Market Feasibility Assessment – USA

One or two success stories achieved

Monitoring and Impacts

Function of initiative Technical dialogue, Political dialogue
Activity of initiative Knowledge production and innovation, Awareness raising and outreach, Policy planning and recommendations
Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals
How are you tracking progress of your initiative
Available reporting


Participants Number Names
Members 8  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 4 Conservation International (USA),  CATIE (Costa Rica),  CIFOR (Indonesia),  The Nature Concervancy (USA).
National states 0
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 4 UNECE (Switzerland),  UNESCO (France),  IUCN (Switzerland),  Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (France).
Financial Institutions 0
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Last update: 14 August 2020 13:43:36

Not only have national states as participators