States and Regions Annual Disclosure


Name of initiative States and Regions Annual Disclosure
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2014
End year
Secretariat The Climate Group, 2nd Floor, Riverside Building, County Hall, Belvedere Rd, London SE1 7PB, United Kingdom, Phone: +44 (0)20 7960 2970, e-mail: and
Organisational structure It is a partnership between the Climate Group and CDP.
Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation The Climate Group
Type of lead organisation NGO/Civil Society
Location/Nationality of lead organisation United Kingdom


Description In partnership with CDP, the Annual Disclosure provides a transparent, global picture of the impact, progress and climate action driven by state and regional governments. All states, provinces and regions are invited to disclose to CDP, including members of the Under2 Coalition and the States & Regions Alliance.

The Climate Group and CDP are united in their firm belief in the vital role that state and regional governments play in driving climate action and delivering sustainable economies that avoid dangerous climate change and lead to a net-zero emissions world. State and regional government’s climate action is fundamental to delivering the Paris Agreement and the disclosed data drives CDP’s analytical bench-marking, commitment tracking and data management; and The Climate Group’s governments networks, peer learning, policy work and promotion of climate leadership.

Objectives To showcase the level of ambition of states and regions globally, while at the same time taking stock of progress on climate mitigation.

Increase Measurement Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems for states and regions to take stock of their emissions and develop more targeted and effective emissions reduction efforts, both within and beyond state borders.

Activities Each year, The Climate Group and CDP call upon state and regional governments to publicly disclose their climate targets and actions, emissions inventories, and other climate information. This helps governments to better understand the risks and opportunities presented by their emissions profiles and increase the impact of their climate actions. The first Annual Disclosure Report, at that time known as the Compact of States and Regions, was released at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the UNFCCC in Paris in December 2015 and applauded by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
One or two success stories achieved • In 2019, 11 states and regions disclosed targets to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 or earlier.

• An average of 45% of electricity generated in reporting states and regions comes from renewable sources, compared to a global average of 25%.

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-13.png  
Function of initiative Implementation
Activity of initiative Goal setting (ex-ante), Technical operational implementation (ex-post)
Goals -Increase the number of state and regional governments reporting their climate data annually to the Annual Disclosure.

-Encourage all regions to set and disclose more ambitious public mid-term and long-term GHG reduction targets and disclose their progress.

Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals The number of state and regional governments committed transparency continues to grow year-on-year, with 44 governments publicly disclosing in 2015 to 124 in 2019 – a 182% increase in five years. Together these governments represent 20% of the global economy and 669 million citizens. Over 3800 individual climate actions were disclosed across 11 sectors to reduce emissions and aid the transition to a decarbonized society.

The Annual Disclosure 2019 update, calculates that 2020 targets set by state and regional governments are in line with the 1.5°C goal laid out in the Paris Agreement. However, longer term targets up to 2050 are not in line with a 1.5°C trajectory. 11 states and regions reported net-zero emissions targets but more governments must follow and increase their ambition. For further analysis, please refer to the Annual Disclosure report available at:

Reporting states and regions have achieved an average of 14% reduction in emissions compared to their base years. Reporting states and regions are leaders in renewable energy: 7 states and regions are powered by 100% renewable electricity and 12 have 100% renewable energy or electricity targets. An average of about 45% of electricity generated in reporting states and regions is renewable, compared to a global average of 25%.

How are you tracking progress of your initiative Each year the Annual Disclosure provides an assessment of the commitments made by state and regional governments and the progress made toward these. The report publishes updated projections calculated from disclosed state and regional GHG emissions and targets compared to other emissions scenarios. The projections are compared to a 1.5°C trajectory as well as a national government trajectory.

For the Annual Disclosure 2019 update, projections from disclosed state and regional GHG emissions were compared to three scenarios calculated using data from the Climate Action Tracker, IAMC 1.5°C Scenario Explorer hosted by IIASA, and The World Bank.

Available reporting Data collected by the Annual Disclosure will be provided to the NAZCA database and be included in the Annual Disclosure report. All Annual Disclosure reports are available for download at: For more details on the data, explore the Annual Disclosure Annex and the States and Regions Analytics tool.


Participants Number Names
Members 124  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 0
National states 0
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 124 Abruzzo (Italy),  Acre (Brazil),  Akershus (Norway),  Aland (Finland),  Alberta (Canada),  Amapa (Brazil),  Amazonas (Peru),  Amazonas (Brazil),  Andalusia (Spain),  Attica (Greece),  Australian Capital Territory (Australia),  Azores (Portugal),  Baden-Wurttemberg (Germany),  Baja California (Mexico),  Basilicata (Italy),  Basque Country (Spain),  Bavaria (Germany),  British Columbia (Canada),  Brittany (France),  California (United States of America),  Campeche (Mexico),  Cantabria (Spain),  Catalonia (Spain),  Centre Nord (Burkina Faso),  Chefchaouen (Morocco),  Chhattisgarh (India),  Chungcheongnam-Do (Republic of Korea),  Colima (Mexico),  Comunidade Intermunicipal do Baixo Alentejo (Portugal),  Comunidade Intermunicipal do Médio Tejo (Portugal),  Comunidade Intermunicipal do Oeste (Portugal),  Comunidade Intermunicipal do Tâmega e Sousa (Portugal),  Connecticut (United States of America),  Cross River State (Nigeria),  Drenthe (Netherlands),  Emilia-Romagna (Italy),  Estado de Mexico (Mexico),  Flevoland (Netherlands),  Galicia (Spain),  Gossas (Senegal),  Gotland (Sweden),  Greater Wellington Regional Council (New Zealand),  Guanajuato (Mexico),  Gujarat (India),  Hawaii (United States of America),  Helsinki-Uusimaa (Finland),  Hesse (Germany),  Huánuco (Peru),  Jalisco (Mexico),  Jammu and Kashmir (India),  Jamtland (Sweden),  KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa),  La Reunion (Réunion),  Limpopo (South Africa),  Lombardy (Italy),  Loreto (Peru),  Lower Austria (Austria),  Lower Saxony (Germany),  Madeira (Portugal),  Madre de Dios (Peru),  Mato Grosso (Brazil),  Metropolitan Area of Aburrá Valley (Colombia),  Minnesota (United States of America),  Misiones (Argentina),  Nariño (Colombia),  Navarra (Spain),  New Caledonia (France),  New South Wales Government (Australia),  New York State (United States of America),  Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),  Nord Trondelag (Norway),  Nordland (Norway),  North Brabant (Netherlands),  North Denmark Region (Denmark),  North Kalimantan (Indonesia),  North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany),  Northwest Territories (Canada),  Nuevo León (Mexico),  Oaxaca (Mexico),  Occitanie (France),  Opole Voivodeship (Poland),  Oppland (Norway),  Oregon (United States of America),  Papua (Indonesia),  Pernambuco (Brazil),  Piedmont (Italy),  Piura Region (Peru),  Prince Edward Island (Canada),  Quebec (Canada),  Queensland (Australia),  Queretaro (Mexico),  Quintana Roo (Mexico),  Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany),  Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil),  Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil),  Rivera (Uruguay),  Saint Louis (Senegal),  San Martín (Peru),  Santa Catarina (Brazil),  Santa Elena (Ecuador),  Santa Fe (Argentina),  Sao Paulo State (Brazil),  Sardinia (Italy),  Schleswig-Holstein (Germany),  Scotland (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),  Sonora (Mexico),  South Australia (Australia),  South Holland (Netherlands),  Southern Ostrobothnia (Finland),  Tabasco (Mexico),  Thuringia (Germany),  Tocantins (Brazil),  Tucuman (Argentina),  Ucayali (Peru),  Upper Austria (Austria),  Victoria (Australia),  Wales (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),  Wallonia (Belgium),  Washington (United States of America),  West Bengal (India),  West Kalimantan (Indonesia),  Western Cape (South Africa),  Western Province (Sri Lanka),  Yucatan (Mexico)
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Last update: 15 November 2019 12:17:05

Not only have national states as participators