R4 Rural Resilience Initiative
|Name of initiative||R4 Rural Resilience Initiative|
|Secretariat|| World Food Programme (WFP), Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 - Rome - Italy, Tel: +39-06-65131, Mr. Fabio Bedini; e-mail: fabio.bedini.@wfp.org;
Mr. Mathieu Dubreuil, e-mail: Mathieu.email@example.com
|Organisational structure|| WFP and Oxfam America launched the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) in 2011 to enable vulnerable rural families to increase their food and income security by managing climate-related risks.
As of 2020, R4 reached over 200,000 households (about 1 M people) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Burkina Faso and Madagascar through a combination of four risk management strategies: improved resource management through asset creation (risk reduction); insurance (risk transfer); livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking); and savings (risk retention).
|Name of lead organisation||World Food Programme|
|Type of lead organisation||International organisation|
|Location/Nationality of lead organisation||Italy|
|Description|| The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a comprehensive risk management approach to help communities be more resilient to climate variability and shocks.
As of 2019, R4 reached over 87,000 farmers (about 450,000 people) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Zambia and Zimbabwe through a combination of four risk management strategies: improved resource management through asset creation (risk reduction); insurance (risk transfer); livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking); and savings (risk reserves). In 2018, around US$ 1.5 million of insurance payouts were distributed through the initiative in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal and Zambia to compensate for weather-related losses.
Through its innovative integrated climate risk management approach, R4 enables the poorest farmers to access crop insurance by participating in risk reduction activities. Assets built through such activities – including WFP’s Food Assistance for Assets programmes – promote the resilience of farmers and their families by steadily decreasing vulnerability to disaster risks over time.
|Objectives||500,000 insured farmers by 2020|
|Activities|| R4 builds on the success of the Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) project in Ethiopia. It gives poor farmers and rural households the option to pay for insurance by contributing their time and labour to local climate adaptation measures, such as soil and water conservation, crop irrigation and community forestry.
Video about R4 at its web-site.
|One or two success stories achieved|
Monitoring and Impacts
|Function of initiative||Implementation, Funding, Technical dialogue|
|Activity of initiative||Technical operational implementation (ex-post), Financing, Knowledge dissemination and exchange|
|Goals||500,000 households (2.5 M people) covered by 2025.|
|Comments on indicators and goals|| "Through its innovative integrated climate risk management approach, R4 enables the poorest farmers to access crop insurance by participating in risk reduction activities. Assets built through such activities – including WFP’s Food Assistance for Assets programmes – promote the resilience of farmers and their families by steadily decreasing vulnerability to disaster risks over time.
When a shock hits, compensation for weather-related losses prevents farmers from having to take desperate measures such as selling productive assets, and stimulates faster recovery. By protecting farmers’ investments in case of a bad season, R4 enables them to invest in riskier but more remunerative enterprises, as well as in seeds, fertilizers and new technologies.
Evaluations show how R4 is helping improve farmers’ resilience. For example, in Ethiopia insured farmers save more than twice as much as those without any insurance, and they invest more in seeds, fertilizers and productive assets, such as plough oxen.
The initiative also has positive effects on gender equality. In Senegal, women claimed that they felt empowered as – in addition to having increased access to land, seeds and water for irrigation and drinking – they could benefit from training in numeracy, literacy and business.
To ensure long-term sustainability, R4 contributes to the creation of rural financial markets, by building the capacity of farmers, local insurance companies and micro-finance institutions and gradually supporting farmers to start paying for insurance in cash."
|How will goals be achieved|
|Have you changed or strenghtened your goals|
|Progress towards the goals||Number insured in 2015 (33197) and in 2020 (200000).|
|How are you tracking progress of your initiative|
|Research and educational organisations||0|
|Non-governmental organisations||2||WFP (Italy), Oxfam America (USA)|
|National states||10||Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Madagascar|
|Regional / state / county actors||0|
|City / municipal actors||0|
|Number of members in the years|| |
|Have only national states as participators||No|
|Transport||Agriculture||Forestry||Business||Financial institutions||Buildings||Industry||Waste||Cities and subnational governments||Short Term Pollutants||International maritime transport||Energy Supply||Fluorinated gases||Energy efficiency||Renewable energy||Supply chain emission reductions||Adaptation||Other||Resilience||Innovation||Energy Access and Efficiency||Private Finance|
Not only have national states as participators