Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy


Name of initiative Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate Energy
LPAA initiative No
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2017
End year
Secretariat Global Secretariat:

boulevard Charlemagne 1, Bruxelles 1041, Belgium

Organisational structure The Board, constituted of appointed mayors or local government officials, provides strategic direction for the initiative. European Commission Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič and former New York Mayor and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change Michael Bloomberg co-chair the Board. Former UNFCCC Executive Secretary, Christiana Figueres, serves as Vice-Chair. Current UNFCCC Executive Secretary, Patricia Espinosa, joins the Board as an Advisor and Observer.

The Founders Council is made up of C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), UN Habitat, European Commission, European Union Committee of the Regions, Joint Research Centre, Climate Alliance, Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), Eurocities, Energy Cities and European Federation of Agencies and Regions for Energy and the Environment (FEDARENE). The Founders Council, with its subsidiary technical working groups, ensures that the Global Covenant of Mayors continues to serve, and be supported by cities and local authorities they represent worldwide.

Regional Covenants are the Global Covenant’s local networks of signatories, supporters and other stakeholders in a region or in a country. They deploy technical assistance and engage with local governments, coordinate with all relevant local partners and city networks, mobilize new signatories, and create locally specific and regionally responsive technical support structures.

The Secretariat serves and strengthens the Global Covenant of Mayors to: • Unite and connect a global coalition of cities and local governments • Reinforce and amplify the impact of location action • Leverage and link data to drive local climate initiatives • Accelerate and increase investment in cities and local government

The Secretariat promotes coherence, identifies synergies in engagement and facilitates the exchange of best practice between Regional Covenants and organizations supporting climate action in cities.

Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy
Type of lead organisation Network/Consortium/Partnership
Location/Nationality of lead organisation Belgium


Description The initiative aims to achieve a world where committed mayors and local governments – in alliance with partners – accelerate ambitious, measurable climate and energy initiatives that lead to an inclusive, just, low-emission and climate resilient future, helping to meet and exceed the Paris agreement objectives.
Objectives The Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy is the largest global coalition of cities and local governments voluntarily committed to actively combatting climate change and transitioning to a low carbon and climate resilient economy. Led by UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Climate Action, Michael R. Bloomberg, and European Commission Vice President, Maroš Šefčovič, in partnership with local, regional and global city networks, the Global Covenant has thousands of city signatories across 6 continents and more than 120 countries, representing over 700 million people or nearly 10% of the global population. By 2030, Global Covenant cities and local governments could collectively reduce 1.3 billion tons of CO2 emissions per year from business-as-usual – equal to the emissions of 276 million cars taken off the road.
Activities Mayors and local leaders committed to the Global Covenant stand ready to take concrete measures with long-term impact to tackle the interconnected challenges of climate change mitigation, adaptation, and access to sustainable energy. To implement this vision committed cities pledge to implement policies and undertake measures to (i) reduce/ limit greenhouse gas emissions, (ii) prepare for the impacts of climate change, (iii) increase access to sustainable energy, and (iv) track progress towards these objectives.
One or two success stories achieved

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-11.png  
Function of initiative Implementation, Capacity building
Activity of initiative Goal setting (ex-ante), Training and education
Goal setting (ex-ante) — Total Mitigation
Value (MtCO2e/yr)2300
Goals The strategic objective of the Global Covenant of Mayors is to establish itself as “the UNFCCC for cities” and the official voice for cities on the implementation of the Paris Agreement. Short term objectives include (1) to scale city climate action, (2) to improve consistency of city climate action reporting, (3) to increase access to climate finance, and (4) to amplify communications around city leadership.
Comments on indicators and goals The goal in 2030 is taken from the report: "Individual actors, collective initiatives and their impact on global greenhouse gas emissions", New Climate, PBL, and Yale 2018.
How will goals be achieved The workplan follows the above detailed 4 operational objectives.
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals
How are you tracking progress of your initiative GCoM committed cities report on their mitigation and adaptation progress through one of three existing platforms: Carbonn Climate Registry, CDP Cities or EU Covenant od Mayors’ platform. That data is then made publicly available on the GCoM website.
Available reporting GCoM Annual Impact Report ,

Highlights in this year's impact report include: • 60% surge in emissions reduction potential across cities and local governments with the commitment of 1000 new local governments • GCoM city and local government actions, if fully realized, could account for 2.3 billion tons CO2e of annual emissions reduction in 2030, matching yearly passenger road emissions from the U.S., China, France, Mexico, Russia, and Argentina combined. • Reinforced the need for national governments and cities to seize the urban opportunity together, including six priority actions that national governments can take.


Participants Number Names
Members 10442  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 0
National states 0
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 10442
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Last update: 8 April 2022 11:15:31

Not only have national states as participators