Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy


Name of initiative Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address
Related initiatives
These 2 ICIs now joined into the ICI: 'Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate Change' with the web-site:
Starting year 2008
End year
Secretariat Covenant of Mayors Office - Europe, 63-67 rue d’Arlon, 1040 Brussels, Belgium,
- For cities in the Eastern neighborhood of the European Union, please contact:  

- For cities in the Mediterranean region, please contact: - For cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, please contact: - For cities in all other regions: Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy

Organisational structure The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy was launched in 2008 in Europe with the ambition to gather local governments voluntarily committed to achieving and exceeding the EU climate and energy targets. Not only did the initiative introduce a first-of-its-kind bottom-up approach to energy and climate action, but its success quickly went beyond expectations.

The initiative now gathers 9,000+ local and regional authorities across 57 countries drawing on the strengths of a worldwide multi-stakeholder movement and the technical and methodological support offered by dedicated offices.

- Covenant of Mayors Board The European Covenant of Mayors Board gives local and regional leaders the opportunity to play a greater role in shaping and further guiding the initiative. Board members will also campaign for enabling frameworks for local climate and energy action from the national and European level, raising awareness about local needs among European and national decision makers.

This Board of Mayors aims to discuss the strategic orientations of the initiative, to ensure it best fits cities’ needs and is further tailored to their expectations and to foster the dialogue between the European Covenant Community and the EU institutions. The Board is composed of 7 mayors or local elected representatives.

- Covenant of Mayors Office Funded by the European Commission, the Covenant of Mayors Office provides support to the Covenant community in the following areas: Capacity Building, Communication & Awareness Raising, Reporting, Monitoring & Evaluation. The Office serves also as Help-desk for the community. The Covenant of Mayors Office is manged by a consortium of city networks including: Energy Cities, Climate Alliance, EUROCITIES, ICLEI Europe, FEDARENE and CEMR - Council of European Municipalities and Regions.

Geographical coverage Global, Western Europe
Name of lead organisation Covenant of Mayors
Type of lead organisation Network/Consortium/Partnership
Location/Nationality of lead organisation Belgium


Description The Covenant of Mayors is the world's largest movement for local climate and energy actions. Signatories endorse a shared vision for 2050: accelerating the decarbonisation of their territories, strengthening their capacity to adapt to unavoidable climate change impacts, and allowing their citizens to access secure, sustainable and affordable energy.
Objectives Signatory cities pledge action to support implementation of the EU 40% greenhouse gas-reduction target by 2030 and the adoption of a joint approach to tackling mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Activities In order to translate their political commitment into practical measures and projects, Covenant signatories commit to submitting, within two years following the date of the local council decision, a Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) outlining the key actions they plan to undertake. The plan will feature a Baseline Emission Inventory to track mitigation actions and a Climate Risks and Vulnerability Assessment. The adaptation strategy can either be part of the SECAP or developed and mainstreamed in a separate planning document. This bold political commitment marks the beginning of a long-term process with cities committed to reporting every two years on the implementation progress of their plans.
One or two success stories achieved As part of their progress, all Covenant Signatories are sharing their key actions as a source of inspiration for others. The Covenant Good Practices database includes achievements, case studies, city profiles, videos and more:

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-07.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-11.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-13.png  
Function of initiative Technical dialogue
Activity of initiative Goal setting (ex-ante), Knowledge dissemination and exchange
Goals The Covenant of Mayors will publish a report detailing the aggregative impact of commitments that cities have made through the initiative during COP. All cities that made commitments to the Covenant of Mayors agree to report publicly the results of a city GHG inventory and climate risk assessment, set public targets for emissions reductions and adaptation and develop climate action & adaptation plans. The city data will be published on the EU open data portal.

'For 2020 and beyond?' Long term goals of the Covenant of Mayors are to: Increase the number of cities making public commitments to reduce emissions, improve resilience, and enhance access to clean and affordable energy. Signatories commit to achieving or surpassing the EU and national targets regarding climate change mitigation and adaptation and energy access to all. Support multi-level governance approaches that result in more efficient achievement of results, in particular fostering the co-operation among the various government layers in each country as well as global and regional city networks and other city service providers active in this space. Advance all committed cities through all steps to compliance – for mitigation, adaptation and access to sustainable and affordable energy (target  inventory  plan  implementation). Link reported data on city climate commitments and impact to financial investments in new, low carbon, climate resilient infrastructure in cities and local governments.

Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals The most significant achievement since COP21 is the merging of these two initiatives into a single effort to capture city climate commitments and communicate their impact on the global stage.

Compact of Mayors commitments have also surpassed 500 with cities of all sizes from 6 continents in 94 countries. To date a total of 594 cities have made public commitments to the Compact and are making progress in achieving their annual milestones. Signatories to the EU Covenant of Mayors signatories now stand at over 7000; almost 5500 Action Plans (with an horizon 2020) are already being implemented. Since COP21 (latest update September 2016): • 300 new cities have signed up to the new commitments of the EU Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy (horizon 2030, integrating mitigation, adaptation and access to sustainable and affordable energy). • The new Covenant for Mayors for Climate & Energy Reporting Framework and Guidelines has been launched in July 2016. The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa was launched at COP21 in Paris. The first cities to benefit from financial and technical support will be announced at COP22. A Covenant of Mayors Office – SSA (CoMO-SSA) has been put in place for supporting towns and cities to join the initiative in Accra, Ghana. The Covenant of Mayors East (CoMO-East has been in place since 2011, the initiative has been very successful in mobilising and supporting cities to undertake climate action, with almost 200 cities having signed up in the Eastern Partnership countries. A new CoMO-East Secretariat, with local branches in each country, is in place since May 2016. We will be working until the end of the year to bring these under the umbrella of the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy.

At EU level, the Covenant of Mayors is included in various National Action Plans in Italy, Germany, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta, Poland and other Member States. In addition, activities of the Covenant of Mayors are already explicitly mentioned in some non-EU (I)NDCs, for instance the submitted INDCs of Georgia and Armenia, as the most intensive pre-2020 mitigation action in those countries. The Global Covenant of Mayors will capitalize on these experiences. Cities and local governments wanting to join the Global Covenant of Mayors should do so through a Regional Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy or by directly by contacting the Secretariat of the Global Covenant of Mayors as long as no regional Covenant exists. Cities joining the Global Covenant commit to achieving or surpassing the relevant national commitment(s) regarding climate change mitigation and adaptation and energy access to all. We aim to build on the critical involvement of partner institutions to bring in the engagement of other national and/or local governments in other regions – through regional covenants as appropriate. These would be coordinated with the Global Covenant of Mayors Secretariat, for those issues providing added value to signatories – but would respond to local conditions and priorities of relevant NDCs.

How are you tracking progress of your initiative
Available reporting


Participants Number Names
Members 9871  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 0
National states 0
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 9871 See:
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Last update: 14 November 2019 16:08:35

Not only have national states as participators