CCAC: Agriculture Initiative


Name of initiative CCAC: Agriculture Initiative
LPAA initiative No
NAZCA Initiative No
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2015
End year
Secretariat Catalina Etcheverry, Agriculture & Bricks Initiative Coordinator, UNEP Paris, 1 rue Miollis, Building VII , 75 015 Paris , France, Phone: +33 1 44 37 14 73; e-mail:
Organisational structure Is organised in 4 components:

Enteric fermentation, Paddy rice production, Livestock and manure management, Open burning of agricultural crops.

Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation CCAC
Type of lead organisation International organisation
Location/Nationality of lead organisation France


Description The Agriculture Initiative focuses its activities on the four largest emission sources in the sector:

Enteric fermentation: Methane expelled from livestock such as cattle, sheep, goats, buffalo, etc., as natural part of the digestive process -- responsible for close to 30% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; Paddy rice production: Methane emissions from the anaerobic decay of organic material in continuously flooded rice paddies -- responsible for 10% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; Livestock and manure management: Methane emissions from the storage of (especially liquid) manure -- responsible for 4% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; and 40% black carbon emissions from the burning of dung as heating and cooking fuel Open burning of agricultural crops: The single largest source of black carbon emissions globally -- responsible for over a third of all emissions, with agricultural fires comprising 10-20% of all open fires.

Objectives The Coalition’s Agriculture Initiative works to advance methane and black carbon abatement and recovery practices within the sector. In addition to helping reduce the rate of near-term warming, these practices can provide immediate co-benefits for public health, food security and economic development, aligning with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and low-emissions agricultural development.
One or two success stories achieved

Monitoring and Impacts

Function of initiative Political dialogue, Capacity building, Technical dialogue
Activity of initiative Knowledge dissemination and exchange, Training and education, Policy planning and recommendations
Goals 5-year milestones:

Manure management practice changes identified for Argentina, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, Vietnam, and regionally in Central America; 3 countries - Vietnam, Bangladesh, Colombia - participate in suitability assessments for alternate wetting and drying rice production: Alternatives to open agricultural burning projects started in India and Peru; 13 countries developed baseline and mitigation assessments for enteric fermentation in the dairy and livestock sector using the Global Livestock and Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM); Strategic Support Groups created in the Andes and Himalaya countries to help governments and local farmers find alternatives to open burning; Tools developed for Vietnam to measure, report, and verify greenhouse gas emissions from paddy rice, and support NDC implementation in the rice sector.

Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals
How are you tracking progress of your initiative
Available reporting


Participants Number Names
Members 33  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 2 Livestock and manure management: Wageningen University - Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (Netherlands).

Open agricultural burning: Michigan Technological University (USA)

Non-governmental organisations 0
National states 23 Australia,  Bangladesh,  Canada,  Colombia,  Congo,  Costa Rica,  Ethiopia,  EU,  France,  Germany,  Ghana,  Guinea,  India,  Japan,  Kenya,  New Zealand,  Nigeria,  Peru,  Togo,  Uruguay,  USA,  Vietnam,  Zimbabwe.
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 8 Enteric fermentations: FAO (France),  Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (Austria); FAO (Italy),  International Livestock Research Institute - ILRI (Kenya),  Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center - CATIE (Costa Rica),  Paddy rice production: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change (Global),  International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT (USA),  Punjab Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute (India),  CARE (Peru)
Financial Institutions 0
Faith based organisations 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Last update: 8 March 2022 13:57:25

Not only have national states as participators