R4 Rural Resilience Initiative


Name of initiative R4 Rural Resilience Initiative
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address https://www.wfp.org/r4-rural-resilience-initiative
Related initiatives
Starting year 2011
End year
Secretariat World Food Programme (WFP), Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 - Rome - Italy, Tel: +39-06-65131, Mr. Fabio Bedini; e-mail: fabio.bedini.@wfp.org;

Mr. Mathieu Dubreuil, e-mail: Mathieu.dubreuil@wfp.org

Organisational structure WFP and Oxfam America (OA) launched the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) in 2011 to enable vulnerable rural households to increase their food and income security in the face of increasing climate risks. R4 builds on the initial success of the Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) initiative, pioneered in Ethiopia by Oxfam America, the Relief Society of Tigray (REST) and Swiss Re.
Geographical coverage Africa
Name of lead organisation World Food Programme
Type of lead organisation International organisation
Location/Nationality of lead organisation Italy


Description The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a comprehensive risk management approach to help communities be more resilient to climate variability and shocks.

As of 2019, R4 reached over 87,000 farmers (about 450,000 people) in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, Zambia and Zimbabwe through a combination of four risk management strategies: improved resource management through asset creation (risk reduction); insurance (risk transfer); livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking); and savings (risk reserves). In 2018, around US$ 1.5 million of insurance payouts were distributed through the initiative in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Senegal and Zambia to compensate for weather-related losses.

Through its innovative integrated climate risk management approach, R4 enables the poorest farmers to access crop insurance by participating in risk reduction activities. Assets built through such activities – including WFP’s Food Assistance for Assets programmes – promote the resilience of farmers and their families by steadily decreasing vulnerability to disaster risks over time.

Objectives 500,000 insured farmers by 2020
Activities R4 builds on the success of the Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) project in Ethiopia. It gives poor farmers and rural households the option to pay for insurance by contributing their time and labour to local climate adaptation measures, such as soil and water conservation, crop irrigation and community forestry.

Video about R4 at its web-site.

One or two success stories achieved

Monitoring and Impacts

Function of initiative Implementation, Funding, Technical dialogue
Activity of initiative Technical operational implementation (ex-post), Financing, Knowledge dissemination and exchange
Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals
How are you tracking progress of your initiative
Available reporting


Participants Number Names
Members 2  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 2 WFP (Italy),  Oxfam America (USA)
National states 0
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No Yes No Yes No No No
Last update: 8 July 2020 11:42:29

Not only have national states as participators