LCTPi Cement Sustainability Initiative
|Name of initiative||LCTPi Cement Sustainability Initiative|
|Secretariat|| Philippe Fonta, Cement Sustainability Initiative, WBCSD, Maison de la Paix, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2, CP 246 1211, Geneva 21,
|Name of lead organisation||Cement Sustainability Initiative (CSI), a flagship initiative of World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)|
|Type of lead organisation||International organisation|
|Location/Nationality of lead organisation||Switzerland|
|Description||The CSI is an alliance of leading companies in the global cement industry. The CSI provides a platform for a shared understanding of sustainability issues, developing and distributing practical tools, facilitating effective stakeholder engagement and providing sustainable solutions.|
|Objectives|| The purpose of the Initiative is to:
- Explore what sustainable development means for the cement industry. - Identify actions and facilitate steps cement companies can take, individually and as a group, to accelerate progress toward sustainable development. - Provide a framework for other cement companies to become involved. - Create the content and context for further stakeholder engagement.
|One or two success stories achieved|| 'Low-Carbon Technology Roadmap for the Indian Cement Industry'
A customized version of the WBCSD-IEA low-carbon technology roadmap for cement industry was developed for India in 2013. Since then, Indian cement companies have identified and implemented energy efficiency solutions, in some cases exceeding the anticipated savings. This roadmap project is undergoing the Phase 2 feasibility study by implementing the solutions in actual operating environment. In 2017, the IFC will be funding further studies focusing on resource efficiency over the period of 2 to 3 year. In addition, given that the CSI has now access to 5 years of data for the Indian roadmap, work would be launch in 2018 to assess the overall impact of the different measures undertaken.
Monitoring and Impacts
|Function of initiative||Technical dialogue, Implementation|
|Activity of initiative||Technical operational implementation (ex-post), Knowledge dissemination and exchange, Knowledge production and innovation|
Knowledge production and innovation — Knowledge production or publication produced
Technical operational implementation (ex-post) — Total Mitigation
|Goals|| 'Expanding the use of CSI tools on CO2 and energy measurement'
A notable number of cement facilities (CSI members and beyond) have reported their CO2 and energy data to the Getting the Numbers Right (GNR) database and the latest consolidated results (2014 data) were published in July 2016 (time lay due to antitrust compliance). 2016 celebrates the 10th year of reporting to the GNR. This round of reporting gather about 1,000 cement manufacturing sites around the world and measurement is carried out following to the CO₂ and Energy Accounting and Reporting Standard for the Cement Industry developed by CSI on the basis of the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol designed by the WBCSD and the World Resource Institute (WRI). GNR participants go beyond CSI member companies, with additional companies mainly headquartered in Europe and Latin America, reporting to the GNR through the support of their regional trade association, i.e. CEMBUREAU and FICEM respectively. About 83% of these emissions are verified by an independent third party, which means that the process established by CSI 10 years ago is compatible with the requirements of the recent Paris Agreement. As reporting is carried out on an annual basis, it constitutes a tracker of progress for the sector. The GNR is also a piloting tool for each company participating, enabling the company to benchmark itself against the average of the sector for each requested KPI. It is important to continue enhancing the coverage of GNR reporting so to gather reliable data on performance of the cement sector globally in a consistent manner, it is the ideal tracking tool of the progress of the cement sector with regards to CO2 emissions.
'Attracting more cement companies to sign-up and support the Cement LCTPi' Appeal to cement companies worldwide to solicit their support for the Cement LCTPi.
'Pursuing low-carbon technology roadmap development' As soon as 2009, the CSI (in partnership with IEA) led the development of the WBCSD-IEA Cement Low Carbon Technology Roadmap, which was the first sectoral roadmap that was developed by IEA. This roadmap was based on several technology papers developed by ECRA representing the available and upcoming technology at that time. Seven years later, an update of these papers and new ones is necessary, it is being carried out now and a full update of the global roadmap is planned for 2017. Development of CSI regional roadmap including India, Brail & Latin America and support similar development projects in other countries (e.g. Egypt and Kazakhstan). Commencing development of a methodology for measurement of avoided emissions Through the development of a robust methodology to provide meaningful estimation of the avoided emissions over the lifecycle of innovative cement products as compared to conventional cement products (market practice) and other construction materials. Henceforth, understand and measure the benefits brought upon. Organizing the annual CSI Forum in December 2016 focusing on the theme of climate & energy (addressing both mitigation and adaptation issues) The 2016 CSI Forum will also be the 10th of its kind and it will focus this year on Climate Change issues (mitigation and adaptation). Held in Madrid on December 13 and 14, 2016 it will gather stakeholders from the cement and concrete sector and will be open to other stakeholders to identify opportunities of cooperation. Exactly one year after the Paris agreement was adopted by 195 Parties, the cement sector will explain the actions taken during that year and the plans for the following years.
The statement of ambition of the cement LCTPi, elaborated under the leadership of CSI, is to enhance the coverage of the CSI field of activity to reach all cement manufacturers worldwide. If all cement manufacturers worldwide would apply the same ambitious targets as the ones of the proactive companies of CSI, CO2 emissions could be reduced in the range of 20 to 25% by 2030 compared to business as usual. To move positively towards this aspirational goal, the cement sector has developed an action plan, based on 7 pillars: 1. Enhance the coverage of the sector’s CO2 emissions and energy consumption database, with a specific focus on China (more than 50% of cement worldwide production). 2. Enhance overall energy efficiency of the cement manufacturing process. 3. Scale-up the collection, availability and usage of good quality alternative fuels and raw materials, including relevant waste from other sectors in a circular economy approach. 4. Further reduce the clinker content in cement to minimize the share of this CO2-intensive intermediate product. 5. Develop new cements with reduced net CO2 emissions over the full life cycle. 6. Engage the full building and infrastructure value chain in local markets to identify and maximize the avoided emissions by usage of cement and concrete products. 7. Evaluate cross-sectoral initiatives, particularly on the opportunity to capture, use and store carbon (CCS-U). Some of these actions have already started (see above) and others are longer-term actions that will be implemented over a couple of years.
|Comments on indicators and goals|
|How will goals be achieved|
|Have you changed or strenghtened your goals|
|Progress towards the goals|| The Cement LCTPi is working towards scaling-up its members’ efforts and leveraging the implementation of identified business solutions to a broader number of cement companies worldwide. Two new participants joined after COP 21: CNBM and China Resources Cement from China. More are expected to come in the next years.
The Cement LCTPi is working on: expanding the use of CSI tools on CO2 and energy measurement; enhancing energy efficiency of the cement manufacturing process; enhancing the use of alternative fuels and cement components; understanding avoided emissions in the use phase of concrete as a sustainable building material; and exploring novelties in the production process and developing new low-carbon cements.
The CSI has paved the way in the approach for emissions reduction across the entire sector, as early as 2009, the CSI (in partnership with IEA) led the development of the WBCSD-IEA Cement Low Carbon Technology Roadmap, which was the first sectoral roadmap that was developed by IEA. This roadmap was based on several technology papers developed by ECRA representing the available and upcoming technology at that time. Seven years later, an update of these papers and new ones is necessary, it is being carried out now and a full update of the global roadmap is planned for 2017.
During 2016, extensive discussions and academic analysis were undertaken in Europe, North & South America as well as Asia to identify new technologies, to develop a non-competitive platform for common research on new low carbon cements, and to involve downstream users. These findings will be included in the continuous review and update of the CSI’s strategy and action plan on climate and energy, which is due for approval in December 2016.
The CSI has increased the granularity of its global low carbon technology roadmap through the development of regional roadmaps for India, Brazil and Latin America. These regional roadmaps outline existing and potential technologies available in the local context, and how they may help the industry support a halving of global CO2 emissions across all areas of business and society. They aim to help policy-makers and financial institutions work with the cement industry to adapt for a carbon-constrained world.
The customized version of the roadmap for India was developed in 2013. Since then, Indian cement companies have implemented energy efficiency solutions, in some cases exceeding the anticipated savings. International Finance Corporation (IFC) will partially fund the Indian roadmap’s phase 2 on resource efficiency studies in 2017 and the overall impact of the different measures undertaken will be assessed in 2018.
In Brazil, consultations for the development of the Brazilian roadmap continued in 2016, coordinated with the Brazilian cement associations and with participation from the industry, stakeholders and ministerial representatives. In September 2016, the launch of a roadmap project for the Latin American region was approved by the association’s Board of Directors, supported by local trade associations with a potential pilot program in Colombia. During this year, discussions continued to explore the possibility of partnering with a Chinese research institute to carry out a scenario study to understand the emission reduction potentials of the cement industry in China. Discussion will continue in 2017 with local trade associations, including developing a customized version of the CO2 reporting protocol that can address specific regulatory requirements in the local context.
|How are you tracking progress of your initiative|| At present, the CSI’s GNR database is the initiative’s main tracking tool.
The CSI has also started developing a tool to track implementation progress. The finalization of this tool is expected for 2017 at the earliest. July 2016 saw the publication of GNR data for 2014, as part of the CSI’s ongoing efforts to deliver uniform information. The report delivers accurate and verified data so that the industry can understand its own current and future performance potential.
GNR 2014 results were published in July 2016 and completed the first decade of GNR reporting. The report includes information from 934 facilities around the world, covering approximately 21% of global cement production, with 83% of the data independently assured (Figure 6). The one-year difference between data collection and publication is needed for anti-trust reasons, thus disconnecting the reported CO2 emissions from the current production volume.
Share of regional cement production included in GNR database (% of cement production, 2014): Europe 92% North America 72% Central America 63% South America (excl Brazil) 59% Africa 49% Asia (n.e.c.) +Oceania 41% World 21% CIS 18% Middle East 15% source: CSI Getting the Numbers (GNR) database (www.wbcsdcement.org/GNR)
Data shows that in 2014 the cement industry has continued to improve its emissions reductions. Specific net emissions (discounting the use of alternative fuels) are 19% below 1990 levels. Including the saved emissions achieved by using biomass, participating companies have avoided 110 million tons of CO₂ emissions. These results have been achieved by significant investment in more efficient kilns, higher fossil fuels substitution, increased use of biomass and improved clinker mineralogy, so that the clinker content of cement can be reduced. Source: CSI Getting the Numbers (GNR) database (www.wbcsdcement.org/GNR). Knowledge product: CSI (in partnership with IEA) led the development of the WBCSD-IEA Cement Low Carbon Technology Roadmap. Knowledge: Developed a non-competitive platform for common research on new low carbon cements, and to involve downstream users.
|Available reporting|| The CSI publishes the GNR data report on an annual basis as part of the CSI’s ongoing efforts to deliver uniform, accurate and verified data so that the industry can understand its own current and future performance potential - www.wbcsdcement.org/GNR.
The WBCSD is going to launch a LCTPi progress report at COP22 during the Low-Emissions Solutions Conference (LESC) - www.lowemissions.solutions.
|Companies||20||Cementos Argos,CEMEX,Companhia Geral de Cal e Cimento S.A.,CRH plc,Dalmia (Bharat) Cement Limited,Grupo Cementos de Chihuahua (GCC),HeidelbergCement AG,InterCement,LafargeHolcim,China National Building Material (CNBM)Group,China Resources Cement,Orient Cement,SCG Cement,Shree Cement Limited,Titan Cement Group,UltraTech Cement Limited,Votorantim Cimentos,West China Cement Limited,2 undisclosed companies.|
|Business organisations||17|| Agrupación de Fabricantes de Cemento
de España (Oficemen), Associação Brasileira de Cimento Portland (ABCP), Association of Cementitious Material Producers (ACMP), Cement Industry Federation (CIF), Cement Manufacturers’ Association (CMA), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), European Cement Association (CEMBUREAU), European Cement Research Academy (ECRA), Federación Interamericana del Cemento (FICEM), International Energy Agency (IEA), International Finance Corporation (IFC), Japan Cement Association (JCA), Mineral Products Association (MPA), Portland Cement Association (PCA), Sindicato Nacional da Indústria do Cimento (SNIC), Turkish Cement Manufacturers’ Association (TCMA).
|Research and educational organisations||0|
|Regional / state / county actors||0|
|City / municipal actors||0|
|Number of members in the years|| |
|Have only national states as participators||No|
|Transport||Agriculture||Forestry||Business||Financial institutions||Buildings||Industry||Waste||Cities and subnational governments||Short Term Pollutants||International maritime transport||Energy Supply||Fluorinated gases||Energy efficiency||Renewable energy||Supply chain emission reductions||Adaptation||Other||Resilience||Innovation||Energy Access and Efficiency||Private Finance|
Not only have national states as participators