Food Security Climate Resilience Facility
|Name of initiative||Food Security climate Resilience Facility (FoodSECuRE)|
|Secretariat|| Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction Programmes
Focal points: Ms. Selamawit Ogbachristos; firstname.lastname@example.org; +39 06 6513-2535 Mr. Baas BRIMER; email@example.com; +39 06 6513-2371 World Food Programme (WFP), Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 - Rome - Italy
|Name of lead organisation||World Food Programme (WFP)|
|Type of lead organisation||International organisation|
|Location/Nationality of lead organisation||Italy|
|Description||The Food Security Climate Resilience (FoodSECuRE) Facility is a multilateral, multi-year, replenishable fund being developed by WFP to financially and programmatically support community-centred action to reinforce and build climate resilience.|
|Objectives||i) trigger action based on climate forecasts, to reinforce community resilience before shocks occur; ii) complement early response mechanisms, and iii) provide multi-year financing to deliver high-quality resilience-building activities are undertaken during post-disaster recovery operations.|
|Activities|| Window I: Anticipatory action based on climate forecasts. FoodSECuRE uses seasonal climate forecasts to trigger action for communityresilience-building and for preparedness to reduce the impact of climate disasters before they occur.
Window II: Early response. FoodSECuRE will complement existing, government-led emergency response mechanisms through the African Risk Capacity to accelerate the coverage of climate risk insurance to more Africans, while building the capacity of national governments to respond to large-scale climate shocks. Window III: Post-disaster resilience building. FoodSECuRE will provide predictable multi-year funding after a climate disaster to ensure food and nutrition security are strengthened over time.
|One or two success stories achieved|| Zimbabwe pilot in local news:
https://www.newsday.co.zw/2016/06/15/mwenezis-road-alleviate-hunger/ http://www.herald.co.zw/small-grains-bring-hope-to-mwenezi/ http://263chat.com/2016/06/mwenezi-farmers-applaud-wfps-small-grains-project/ Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xKY4LOeioTw&feature
Guatemala pilot in local news: http://www.prensalibre.com/guatemala/comunitario/el-nio-amenaza-la-alimentacion-de-america-central
Monitoring and Impacts
|Function of initiative||Funding, Technical dialogue|
|Activity of initiative||Fundraising, Knowledge production and innovation|
|Goals|| Short Term:
WFP is developing new tools to help mitigate and manage risks by translating early warning into early action, as a way to strengthen community, government and regional organization’s capacities to prepare for early response, and recover from climate-driven shocks. WFP is establishing FoodSECuRE as a unique and single institutional mechanism to respond to increasing risks that climate change poses on food security. FoodSECuRE will: i) trigger action based on climate forecasts, to reinforce community resilience before shocks occur; ii) support early action during a large-scale climate-disaster through support to government-led response mechanisms (e.g. parametric climate risk insurance) and iii) provide multi-year financing to deliver high-quality resilience-building activities are undertaken during post-disaster recovery operations.
Medium Term: By 2020, WFP plans to have FoodSECuRE established and fully operational in at least the 5 phase one countries (Guatemala, Niger, Philippines, Sudan, and Zimbabwe). This involves having early action plans established and tested, a monitoring framework developed, seasonal climate forecast and trigger mechanism set-up and national capacity built, the cost benefit analysis support lessons learnt, and country contingency fund is accessible.
Long Term: Through its new Climate Policy and using the SDGs to guide long-term action, WFP will take an iterative, phased approach to managing uncertainty related to climate change, using its experience across the humanitarian-development continuum to apply integrated risk management approaches to build national and community-level resilience.
In 2013, WFP repositioned its work on food security and climate change as an innovation area through the Organizational Strengthening and Fit for Purpose process; in 2015 we moved to looking at mechanisms to mainstream climate change adaptation into projects, with a core aim to build the capacities of governments. In 2016, WFP has been developing its Policy on Climate Change: Responding to the Food Insecurity and Nutrition Impacts of Climate Change, which is expected to be approved by the Executive Board in February 2017.
The climate change policy defines how WFP will contribute to national and global efforts to prevent climate change from undermining work to end hunger. The policy provides WFP staff with guiding principles on how to integrate action to address climate change in their work. Innovative climate risk finance mechanisms like FoodSECuRE are core building blocks of how WFP addresses the risks from climate change.
A climate action plan will outline how this policy will be implemented, using extra-budgetary resources, in order to build staff capacities, integrate specialized climate change funding into its financial framework, and develop more specific guidance for staff and partners. WFP will also continue its leadership in scaling up innovative tools and approaches, to develop more predictable immediate-response financing for climate disasters, and to work with governments to attract climate financing towards activities aligned with national plans and priorities under the UNFCCC.
While FoodSECuRE is being established as a global corporate mechanisms to deploy forecast-based financing, other initiatives like the German funded Forecast-based Emergency Preparedness for Climate Risks (FbF) work on linking extreme weather forecasts with preparedness procedures and activities before an event occurs. Early warning indicators and thresholds are being determined and linked to pre-defined Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for preparedness actions at government levels. Forecast-based emergency preparedness reduces costs for humanitarian response after the disaster strikes. In its initial phase, this project is setup in five pilot countries: Philippines, Nepal, Bangladesh, Haiti, and Dominican Republic.
Both FoodSECuRE and the Forecast-based Emergency Preparedness for climate risks represent critical efforts by WFP to develop, test and deploy forecast-based financing modalities in support of improved preparedness and early community action. The lessons learned from the forecast-based preparedness project will be critical for informing the development of the second phase of FoodSECuRE. Likewise, by closely coordinating technical work and learning in developing forecast trigger systems, SOPs, and underlying climate analyses to support both initiatives be mutually reinforcing and promise to accelerate the development of this important new approach. Both initiatives, build on significant WFP investments in climate risk analysis carried out through C-ADAPT.
WFP is currently fundraising to make the facility fully operational.
|Comments on indicators and goals|
|How will goals be achieved|
|Have you changed or strenghtened your goals|
|Progress towards the goals|| WFP has selected in coordination with FAO and IRI using a set of pre-agreed criteria five countries for phase one testing and implementation: Guatemala, Niger, Philippines, Sudan and Zimbabwe. The FoodSECuRE implementation plan has been developed to guide implementation and details the proposed process and framework:
In addition to this, the establishment of FoodSECuRE as a corporate mechanism for forecast-based action and to respond to climate risks will entail the following steps: • Setting-up a climate forecast and trigger mechanism for anticipatory action in partnership with the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) at Columbia University (USA). • Development and integration of the African Risk Capacity (ARC) matching/replica policy framework under the FoodSECuRE framework to support government led early response. • Develop country specific operational procedures for implementation of early/anticipatory action and early response (integrating to national early warning systems). • Development of a financial framework (fund structure) to ensure efficient programming of contributions, budgeting and resource management in line with WFP’s financial systems. • Development of the monitoring, evaluation and learning (M&E) framework to measure the effectiveness of the FoodSECuRE mechanisms in building resilience in populations both in response to the trigger mechanism before a shock as well as after the shock has occurred. • Conduct a cost benefit analysis (CBA) to determine the potential cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the FoodSECuRE model, early action based on climate forecasts as compared with the costs of conventional humanitarian response to a disaster, and multi-year resilience building of communities in the post-disaster recovery operations. • Development of a resource mobilization both for the start-up and testing of FoodSECuRE and for its long term contingency financing, linked to climate finance. Donor consultations are on-going process.
|How are you tracking progress of your initiative|| At the current stage WFP is only field testing the facility on small-scale in two countries (Zimbabwe and Guatemala), applying a standard M&E framework, food security analysis using modelling and house hold economy approaches. For the future WFP is developing a Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning (MEL) Strategy tracking the progress of the initiative through output, outcome and impact level monitoring and evaluation. The frameworks will measure the extent to which the FoodSECuRE can contribute to positive food and nutrition security through protection of community assets. Furthermore, it will measure whether recovery time from a shock is ‘reasonable’ and whether the selected activities are cost-effective.
On the results as mentioned we are still working with WFP VAM and with the Food Economy Group to get a better understanding of the impact of the intervention in the pilots.
|Research and educational organisations||0|
|Regional / state / county actors||0|
|City / municipal actors||0|
|Financial Institutions||1||FoodSECuRE (Italy)|
|Number of members in the years|| |
|Have only national states as participators||No|
|Transport||Agriculture||Forestry||Business||Financial institutions||Buildings||Industry||Waste||Cities and subnational governments||Short Term Pollutants||International maritime transport||Energy Supply||Fluorinated gases||Energy efficiency||Renewable energy||Supply chain emission reductions||Adaptation||Other||Resilience||Innovation||Energy Access and Efficiency||Private Finance|
Not only have national states as participators