Clean Energy Corridors in Africa
|Name of initiative||Clean Energy Corridors in Africa|
|Secretariat|| IRENA, Nopenyo Dabla– Associate Programme Officer for sub-Saharan Africa
NDabla@irena.org, phone: +97124147118 and Gurbuz Gonul, e-mail: email@example.com
|Name of lead organisation||IRENA|
|Type of lead organisation||NGO/Civil Society|
|Location/Nationality of lead organisation||United Arab Emirates|
|Description|| The “Clean Energy Corridors in Africa” is composed of two initiatives: The Africa Clean Energy Corridor and the West Africa Clean Energy Corridor
Launched in 2014, the Africa Clean Energy Corridor (ACEC) is an initiative that aims to transform the current fuel mix by promoting the development of clean, indigenous and cost-effective renewable power options and to create a regional market for the trade of renewable power. ACEC now includes more than 30 governments, regional organisations, development partners and financial institutions and there is a growing interest from new partners to join. Thanks to the successes achieved in East and Southern Africa, the West Africa Clean Energy Corridor was initiated in 2016 .
|Objectives|| The Clean Energy Corridors in Africa aim to meet the continent’s fast-growing electricity needs through the accelerated development of renewable energy potential and cross-border trade of renewable power within the Eastern and Southern African Power Pools as well as within the West Africa Power Pool.
Work on the initiative spans five main pillars: 1. Zoning and Resource Assessment to site renewable power plants in areas with high resource potential and suitable transmission routes. 2. National and Regional Planning to consider cost-effective renewable power options. 3. Enabling Frameworks for Investment to open markets and reduce financing costs. 4. Capacity Building to plan, operate, maintain and govern power grids and markets with higher shares of renewable electricity generation. 5. Public Information and Awareness to raise awareness on how the corridor can provide secure, sustainable and affordable energy.
|Activities|| The activities undertaken by the initiative all fall under its five pillars. So far, under the Renewable Energy Resource Assessment and Zoning pillars:
Resource Assessment: Africa Clean Energy Corridor: - Development of the zoning methodology for the identification of high resource potential and cost-effective power generation zones, which has been validated by stakeholders from utilities, government, regulatory bodies, power pools and academia within the region. - Collection of extensive data from EAPP and SAPP countries on their renewable energy resource potential, existing and planned grid transmission infrastructure and road networks, protected areas, national electricity load profiles and infrastructure expansion costs, for use in the zoning analysis. - Identification of renewable energy zones in the EAPP and SAPP member countries and presenting these to stakeholders, highlighting developable areas for wind and solar (both utility-scale photovoltaic and concentrated solar power) technologies. - A regional workshop organised in Namibia in April 2017 enabled data gathering on the sites earmarked for development. This output provided a basis for financial viability analyses, which aims to inform power procurement procedures in the relevant countries as well as the regional planning processes. In that regard, the financial viability and suitability of 18 project sites have been assessed within the ACEC zones to guide renewable investments. The results of this assessment are being considered by some of the countries in designing their tendering processes as well as guiding their interactions with potential solar and wind project developers.
West Africa Clean Energy Corridor: - Completion of a suitability analysis work for solar and wind which helped to identify the area of high potential in the region and will be used as basis for the future zoning work under WACEC - Conduct of scoping study for the solar component of the WACEC aiming to install 2 GW of Solar by 2030 in West Africa (funded under the ongoing European Union Energy Initiative’s Technical Assistance Facility). - Initiation of financial viability analyses for sites earmarked for Solar and Wind project development. In that regard, 14 sites have been assessed in Mali and Togo and 10 are under assessment in Nigeria. Other countries such as Senegal have expressed their interest in the service
West Africa Clean Energy Corridor: - Development of the “Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy in West Africa” report taking into account the new model input data and national renewable deployment scenarios using SPLAT-W country models coming out of a six-month capacity-development programme in 2015/16 organised by IRENA and the ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). - Initiation of a capacity building programme to establish a national energy planning unit for energy statistics and long-term energy planning taking into account cost effective renewable energy options in Sierra Leone. - Contribution to the update of the West Africa Power master plan, by providing input to support the collection of reliable data on renewable energy resource potential, costing as well as capacity building on planning and project facilitation
West Africa Clean Energy Corridor: - Initiation in partnership with the relevant regional institutions, of a capacity building programme with the end-goal of facilitating regional market integration. This capacity building programme put the focus on the development of renewable energy PPAs as well as the planning and operation of grids with higher shares of variable renewable power. - The component on the planning and operation of grids with higher shares of variable renewable power was kicked-off in Dakar in December 2017 and will be completed by end of June 2018 - The component on the development of RE PPA was kicked-off in January 2018 and will be completed by end of August 2018. These two activities will be followed by a three-year capacity building programme aiming to address all the issues identified by the gap analysis. WACEC: ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE),.
|One or two success stories achieved|| 1. Renewable Energy Zoning has been completed and the sites identified are being used by some countries on order to open tenders for renewable energy projects.
2. The initiative is assisting countries and regional power pools in updating the power Master Plans, to consider Least-Cost Renewable Energy options based on the results of the renewable energy zoning.
Monitoring and Impacts
|Function of initiative||Capacity building, Political dialogue|
|Activity of initiative||Training and education, Advocacy, Policy planning and recommendations|
Training and education — Individual participating in the workshops or trainings
|Goals|| The Africa Clean Energy Corridor (ACEC) is a regional initiative to promote accelerated development of renewable energy potential and cross-border trade of renewable power within eastern and southern Africa. The initiative builds upon the strong political commitment of African leaders to strengthen regional institutions and transmission infrastructure and forming large competitive markets. By creating a larger regional electricity market, the ACEC could attract investments to meet 40-50% of power needs in the EAPP and SAPP regions by 2030. ACEC investment needs up to 2030 are estimated at USD 20 billion – USD 25 billion per year in generation, with an additional USD 15 billion for grid infrastructure. Combined efforts will diversify resource availability, improve energy security and foster investment opportunities and job growth. Scaling up renewable energy through the ACEC also offers a comprehensive opportunity to avoid lock-ins with carbon-intensive infrastructure and leapfrog towards a low-carbon future with a 2,500 Mt savings of cumulative CO2 between 2015 and 2030. The initiative also facilitates the coordination between environment and energy ministries.
The West Africa Clean Energy Corridor (WACEC), through the Solar component, is aiming to achieve 2 GW of solar capacity over the 2014-2020 period. The objectives of the initiatives is facilitated through the pillars mentioned below: - Zoning and Resource Assessment – to site renewable power plants in areas with high resource potential and suitable transmission routes; - National and Regional Planning – to fully consider cost-effective renewable power options; - Enabling Frameworks for Investment – to open markets and reduce financing costs; - Capacity Building – to plan, operate, maintain and oversee power grids and markets with higher shares of renewable electricity generation; - Public Information and Awareness – to raise awareness on how large-scale renewables can provide secure, sustainable and affordable energy
The Africa Clean Energy Corridor plan of action is guided by a Ministerial Communique signed by Ministers of Energy and Heads of Delegation of 19 African countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. The West Africa Clean Energy Corridor’s action plan has been endorsed by the Heads of States of the Region and is built around the 5 pillars of the Clean Energy Corridor concept. This is supplement by the ECOWAS-led action plan for the development of its solar component.
|Comments on indicators and goals||Least-cost System Planning Test Models have been made available and regional training held for more than 50 energy planners.|
|How will goals be achieved|
|Have you changed or strenghtened your goals|
|Progress towards the goals|
|How are you tracking progress of your initiative|
|Available reporting||The regularly-updated ACEC brochures on the irena.org website, as well as the IRENA quarterly bulletin.|
|Business organisations||10||Enel Green Power (Italy), Energienet.dk (Denmark), Ener-Q (Thailand), Sun Business Development (Portugal), Windlab Africa (South Africa), Zenith Energy (Canada), Productivity SA (Zambia), Copperbelt Energy Corporation (Zambia), Eye Gate Renewable Energy (Zambia), Intertak Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)|
|Research and educational organisations||16||Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory (USA), South African National Energy Development Institute (South Africa), Jomo Kenyatta University (Kenya), National University of Lesotho (Lesotho), Eduardo Motlane University of Mozambique (Mozambique), Namibia Energy Institute (Namibia), Polytechnic of Namibia (Namibia), University of Rwanda (Rwanda), University of Johannesburg (South Africa), University of Khartoum (Sudan), University of Dar-Es-Salam (Tanzania), Centre of Research in Energy and Energy Conservation (Uganda), University of Zambia (Zambia), University of Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe), Scientific and Industrial Research and Development Centre (Zimbabwe), Chinhoyi University of Technology (Zimbabwe)|
|Non-governmental organisations||1||Agence Française de Développement (France).|
|Governmental actors||33||Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, WACEC: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo|
|Regional / state / county actors||0|
|City / municipal actors||0|
|Intergovernmental organisations||2||European Union Commission (Belgium), UNDP (USA)|
|Financial Institutions||2||World Bank (USA), African Development Bank (AfDB).|
|Other members||17||African Power Pool - SAPP (South Africa), Eastern Africa Power Pool - EAPP (Ethiopia), Regional Electricity Regulators Association of Southern Africa - RERA (Namibia), Southern Independent Regulatory Board - IRB (South Africa), SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency - SACREEE (Namibia), West Africa Power Pool - WAPP (Benin), ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority - ERERA (Ghana), African Union Commission (Ethiopia), NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (South Africa), Africa Renewable Energy Initiative - AREI (Ivory Coast), USAID Power Africa (USA), Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (Germany).|
|Number of members in the years|| |
|Have only national states as participators||No|
|Transport||Agriculture||Forestry||Business||Financial institutions||Buildings||Industry||Waste||Cities and subnational governments||Short Term Pollutants||International maritime transport||Energy Supply||Fluorinated gases||Energy efficiency||Renewable energy||Supply chain emission reductions||Adaptation||Other||Resilience||Innovation||Energy Access and Efficiency||Private Finance|
Not only have national states as participators