CCAC: Agriculture Initiative
|Name of initiative||CCAC: Agriculture Initiative|
|Secretariat||Catalina Etcheverry, Agriculture & Bricks Initiative Coordinator, UNEP Paris, 1 rue Miollis, Building VII , 75 015 Paris , France, Phone: +33 1 44 37 14 73; e-mail: Catalina.Etcheverry@un.org|
|Organisational structure|| Is organised in 4 components:
Enteric fermentation, Paddy rice production, Livestock and manure management, Open burning of agricultural crops.
|Name of lead organisation||CCAC|
|Type of lead organisation||International organisation|
|Location/Nationality of lead organisation||France|
|Description|| The Agriculture Initiative focuses its activities on the four largest emission sources in the sector:
Enteric fermentation: Methane expelled from livestock such as cattle, sheep, goats, buffalo, etc., as natural part of the digestive process -- responsible for close to 30% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; Paddy rice production: Methane emissions from the anaerobic decay of organic material in continuously flooded rice paddies -- responsible for 10% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; Livestock and manure management: Methane emissions from the storage of (especially liquid) manure -- responsible for 4% of global anthropogenic methane emissions; and 40% black carbon emissions from the burning of dung as heating and cooking fuel Open burning of agricultural crops: The single largest source of black carbon emissions globally -- responsible for over a third of all emissions, with agricultural fires comprising 10-20% of all open fires.
|Objectives||The Coalition’s Agriculture Initiative works to advance methane and black carbon abatement and recovery practices within the sector. In addition to helping reduce the rate of near-term warming, these practices can provide immediate co-benefits for public health, food security and economic development, aligning with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and low-emissions agricultural development.|
|One or two success stories achieved|
Monitoring and Impacts
|Function of initiative||Political dialogue, Capacity building, Technical dialogue|
|Activity of initiative||Knowledge dissemination and exchange, Training and education, Policy planning and recommendations|
|Goals|| 5-year milestones:
Manure management practice changes identified for Argentina, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, Vietnam, and regionally in Central America; 3 countries - Vietnam, Bangladesh, Colombia - participate in suitability assessments for alternate wetting and drying rice production: Alternatives to open agricultural burning projects started in India and Peru; 13 countries developed baseline and mitigation assessments for enteric fermentation in the dairy and livestock sector using the Global Livestock and Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM); Strategic Support Groups created in the Andes and Himalaya countries to help governments and local farmers find alternatives to open burning; Tools developed for Vietnam to measure, report, and verify greenhouse gas emissions from paddy rice, and support NDC implementation in the rice sector.
|Comments on indicators and goals|
|How will goals be achieved|
|Have you changed or strenghtened your goals|
|Progress towards the goals|
|How are you tracking progress of your initiative|
|Research and educational organisations||2|| Livestock and manure management: Wageningen University - Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (Netherlands).
Open agricultural burning: Michigan Technological University (USA)
|National states||3||Enteric fermentation: New Zeeland; Paddy rice production: Japan; Open agricultural burning: Peru|
|Regional / state / county actors||0|
|City / municipal actors||0|
|Intergovernmental organisations||10||Enteric fermentations: FAO (France), Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (Austria); FAO (Italy), Stockholm Environment Institute (Sweden), International Livestock Research Institute - ILRI (Kenya), Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center - CATIE (Costa Rica), Paddy rice production: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change (Global), Agriculture and Food Security (Global), International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT (USA), Open agricultural burning: International Cryosphere Climate Initiative - ICCI (USA).|
|Number of members in the years|| |
|Have only national states as participators||No|
|Transport||Agriculture||Forestry||Business||Financial institutions||Buildings||Industry||Waste||Cities and subnational governments||Short Term Pollutants||International maritime transport||Energy Supply||Fluorinated gases||Energy efficiency||Renewable energy||Supply chain emission reductions||Adaptation||Other||Resilience||Innovation||Energy Access and Efficiency||Private Finance|
Not only have national states as participators