Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme


Name of initiative Adaptation for Small holder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address
Related initiatives
Starting year 2012
End year
Secretariat International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Via Paolo di Dono 44, 00142 Rome, Italy, Tel: +39 06 5459 2282, e-mail:
Organisational structure ASAP is a trust fund managed by IFAD. Climate finance allocations were integrated within IFAD’s country based allocations (loans and grants). Projects were submitted to IFAD's Executive Board for approval and supervision and implementation support to projects is provided in line with established IFAD procedures.

During the first phase of ASAP, from 2012 to 2017, IFAD programmed US$305 million in ASAP grants in 41 countries, expecting to reach more than 5 million vulnerable smallholders to cope with the impacts of climate change and build more resilient livelihoods. ASAP has substantively enhanced climate risk mainstreaming in IFAD’s investment processes, and promoted innovative tools and technologies that smallholders are using to protect their assets from greater climate variability.

ASAP2 has been generously financed by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), which has agreed to contribute NOK80 million – equivalent to about US $9.5 million – to the ASAP Trust Fund, and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), with a contribution of SEK60million – equivalent to US $5.9 million.

The ASAP2 instrument will enable climate mainstreaming through technical assistance and capacity building in cooperation with national ministries, research institutes, farmers’ organizations and civil society, and leverage IFAD investments to incentivize additional co-financing for climate change adaptation.

The Contribution Agreements of both Nordic nations follows from their strong support during the first phase of ASAP. The renewed commitments will go toward addressing the additional costs of climate change in IFAD’s investment programmes, and contribute to specific elements of the Sustainable Development Goals, as set out in the results framework of the agreements. IFAD values the confidence that Norway and Sweden have shown in the Fund’s ability to carry out operations on behalf of smallholder farmers.

The overall target for the ASAP2 Trust Fund is US$100 million.

Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD),
Type of lead organisation International organisation
Location/Nationality of lead organisation Italy


Description The Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP) channels climate finance to smallholder farmers so they can access the information, tools and technologies that will help build their resilience to climate change. Launched by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in 2012, ASAP has become the largest global financing source dedicated to supporting the adaptation of poor smallholder farmers to climate change, with committed funding of US$316.2 million. Since inception of the programme in September 2012, 42 ASAP-supported projects were approved by the IFAD Executive Board, committing an amount of US$292.6 million from the ASAP trust fund to concrete actions that help smallholder farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change.

World's largest climate change adaptation programme focused on smallholder farmers;

As of August 2018, all 42 projects have signed government agreements; 37 approved projects have started disbursement, totalling US$80 million; US$292.6 million channelled to at least eight million smallholder farmers to build their resilience to climate-related shocks and stresses;

Financed by IFAD and the governments of Belgium, Canada, Finland, the Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the Region of Flanders.

Objectives The objective of ASAP is to improve the climate resilience of large-scale rural development programmes and improve the capacity of at least 8 million smallholder farmers to expand their options in a rapidly changing environment. Through ASAP, IFAD will drive a major scaling-up of successful “multiple-benefit” approaches which can increase agricultural output while at the same time reducing and diversifying climate-related risks.

This is done through: policy engagement –supporting agricultural institutions in IFAD Member States seeking to achieve international climate change commitments and national adaptation priorities;

climate risk assessment – facilitating the systematic use of climate risk information when planning investments to increase resilience;

women’s empowerment – increasing the participation of women in, and their benefits from, climate-change adaptation activities;

private-sector engagement – strengthening the participation of the private sector and farmer groups in climate change adaptation and mitigation activities;

climate services – enhancing the use of climate information for when planning investments to increase resilience;

natural resource management and governance – strengthening the participation and ownership of smallholder farmers in decision-making processes; and improving technologies for the governance and management of climate-sensitive natural resources;

knowledge management – enhancing the documentation and dissemination of knowledge on approaches to climate-resilient agriculture.

Activities Mixed crop and livestock systems which integrate the use of drought-tolerant crops and manure, which can help increase agricultural productivity whilst at the same time diversifying risks across different products.

Systems of crop rotation which consider both food and fodder crops, which can reduce exposure to climate threats while also improving family nutrition.

A combination of agroforestry systems and communal ponds, which can improve the quality of soils, increase the availability of water during dry periods, and provide additional income.

Back to back with these multiple-benefit approaches, ASAP will empower community-based organizations to make use of new climate risk management skills, information and technologies. These can include improved weather stations networks, which can provide farmers with more reliable seasonal forecasts and cropping calendars; Geographic Information Systems, which can help farmers better understand and monitor landscape use in a changing environment; and economic valuation of climate change impacts which can help inform more robust policy decisions.

By blending tried and tested 'no regrets' approaches to rural development with modern adaptation know-how, ASAP is well positioned to increase the climate resilience of IFAD's approximately US$ 1billion per year of new investments. In doing so, ASAP embodies one of the most concrete and decisive steps a UN agency has ever undertaken to truly integrate climate change into its programming.

One or two success stories achieved Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP) brochure

Climate Action Report 2018

The Business Advantage: Mobilizing private sector-led climate actions in agriculture

The Water Advantage: Seeking sustainable solutions for water stress

The Marine Advantage: Empowering coastal communities, safeguarding marine ecosystems

The West and Central Africa Advantage Fighting fragility for smallholder resilience

The Latin America and Caribbean Advantage: Family farming – a critical success factor for resilient food security and nutrition

La ventaja de América Latina y el Caribe - La agricultura familiar: un factor decisivo para lograr la resiliencia de la seguridad alimentaria y la nutrición

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-01.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-02.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-03.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-05.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-06.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-12.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-13.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-14.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-15.png   E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-17.png  
Function of initiative Funding, Implementation
Activity of initiative Financing, Technical operational implementation (ex-post)
Financing — Funds disbursed
Value (MUS$)80
Goals As of 1 May 2018, there are 42 approved ASAP grants for 41 countries totalling US$292.6 million.

As at May 2018, the cumulative disbursement for ASAP1 was US$80 million (37 projects) and disbursements from January 2017 to April 2018 was US$49 million (36 projects). In order to improve ASAP’s disbursements and to enhance the monitoring and the reporting of the trends, project targets were established using an ASAP disbursement proxy tool facilitated by the Treasury Services Division.

According to this tool, to reach its target, ASAP should have disbursed US$112 million. From the ASAP portfolio, five projects have disbursed over 50 per cent and Mali is currently at 99 per cent. Mali will be the first ASAP project to close, in late 2018.

The second phase of the ASAP (ASAP2) was approved by the Executive Board in September 2016. The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation agreed to contribute NOK80 million – equivalent to about US$9.5 million – and the Swedish International Development Agency agreed to contribute SEK60M – equivalent to US$9.5 million. The contributions agreements of both Nordic nations follows from their strong support of ASAP1. The renewed commitments will go towards addressing the additional costs of climate change in IFAD’s investments programmes and beyond, contributing to specific elements of the Sustainable Development Goals. The target floor for ASAP II is US$100 million; while the first phase of ASAP was programmed along IFAD investments to mainstreaming climate 23 Source: IFAD's Grants and Investments Project System (GRIPS). Annex VII EB 2018/124/R.13 EC 018/102/W.P.7 33 change, ASAP2 is being programmed to offer technical assistance beyond the IFAD portfolio. This new modality allows IFAD to work with different partners, instruments and tools to continue its mandate to support countries in climate mainstreaming.

No. of poor smallholder household members whose climate resilience has been increased - 8,000,000 household members

Leverage ratio of ASAP grants versus non-ASAP financing - 1:4

% of extent of land and ecosystem degradation in productive landscapes - -30%

No. of tons of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e) avoided and/or sequestered - 80,000,000 tons

No. of hectares of land managed under climate-resilient practice - 1,000,000 hectares

No. of households, production and processing facilities with increased water availability - 100,000 households

No. of individuals (including women) and community groups engaged in climate risk management, ENRM or disaster risk reduction activities - 1,200 groups

United States dollar value of new or existing rural infrastructure made climate resilient - US$80,000,000

No. of international and country dialogues on climate issues where ASAP-supported projects or project partners make an active contribution - 40 dialogues

Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals No. of poor smallholder household members supported in coping with the effects of climate change - 10 million individuals

No. of individuals provided with climate information services - 1,000,000 individuals

No. of IFAD member countries in which agricultural institutions receive capacity support & engage in climate policy dialogue - 50 countries

No. of women reporting adoption of environmentally sustainable & climate resilient technologies & practices - 3,000,000 women

US$ leveraged from private sector entities to support climate change adaptation and mitigation actions - US$100 million

No. of persons/households provided with targeted support to improve their nutrition - 1,000,000 individuals

No. of groups supported to sustainably manage natural resources and climate related risks - 10,000 groups

No. of national, regional or global dialogues on climate issues where IFAD-supported projects or partners contribute actively - 100 dialogues

Progress towards the goals Table 3 of Annex VII of the 2018 Report on IFAD's Development Effectiveness (RIDE).
How are you tracking progress of your initiative Progress is tracked by the corporate IFAD’s Operational Results Management System (ORMS) with specific climate markers/indicators.
Available reporting Progress is tracked by the corporate IFAD’s Results and Impact Management System (RIMS) with specific climate markers/indicators. Results and impacts are disclosed annually in the Report on IFAD's Development Effectiveness (RIDE).

The Mitigation Advantage Report shows the CO2 reduction potential:


Participants Number Names
Members 44  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 5 CGIAR Research Programme on climate Change (France),  Agriculture and Food Security CCAFS (France),  Adaptation Learning Mechanism (USA),  Climate & Development Knowledge Network (South Africa),  World Agroforestry Center (Kenya)
National states 0
Governmental actors 39 Benin,  Bhutan,  Bolivia,  Burundi,  Cape Verde,  Cambodia,  Chad,  Comoros,  Ivory Coast,  Djibouti,  Ecuador,  Egypt,  El Salvador,  Ethiopia,  Gambia,  Ghana,  Kenya,  Kyrgyzstan,  Laos,  Lesotho,  Liberia,  Madagascar,  Malawi,  Mali,  Mauritania,  Moldova,  Morocco,  Mozambique,  Myanmar,  Nepal,  Nicaragua,  Niger,  Nigeria,  Paraguay,  Rwanda,  Sudan,  Tajikistan,  Uganda,  Vietnam
Regional / state / county actors 0
City / municipal actors 0
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 9 Belgium,  Canada,  Finland,  Netherlands,  Norway,  Sweden,  Switzerland,  South Korea,  United Kingdom.
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Last update: 12 June 2020 12:40:36

Not only have national states as participators